Pneumonia

Home care for Pneumonia

Pneumonia is one of a common problem for the geriatric age group where the nursing care is one of the most important procedures such as positioning, oxygen administration and sometimes Nebulisation for the patient. Nursing care for these procedures are very crucial towards the prognosis of the disease.

Definition:
  • Pneumonia is an infection and inflammation of the lung Parenchyma
  • There are a number of causes for Pneumonia, but S. pneumonia is the leading cause of bacterial Pneumonia in patients beyond the first few weeks of life.
  • The symptoms of pneumococcal pneumonia may include cough, Fatigue /malaise, Fever, chest pain, chills, sweats and shortness of breath.
Factors Predisposing to Pneumonia:
  • Smoking
  • Air pollution
  • Altered consciousness due to alcoholism, head injury, seizures, anaesthetic effect, and drug overdose.
  • Tracheal intubation(tracheostomy, tracheal intubation)
  • URI.
  • Chronic diseases: chronic lung disease, diabetes mellitus, heart disease
  • Immunosuppression:(corticosteroids ,cancer chemotherapy)
  • Malnutrition
  • Inhalation or aspiration of noxious substances.
  • Bed rest and prolonged immobility.

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